21 September 2014
Imitating part of the Yogyakarta Palace (Keraton Yogyakarta) called ‘ndalem pangeran’ (the dwelling of a prince) built in the ‘joglo’ architecture on an 8.165 m2 is the main building of the Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, ‘the Special Area’ Pavilion. The gate of the pavilion has the form of a ‘tajug’ (crown) and is called ‘Regol Dana Partapa’. The yard is planted with ‘sawo kecik’ (sapodilla) tree, the symbol of nobility. In front of the main building are two statues, an imitation of the ‘Cingkara Bala’ and ‘Bala Upata’ statues to ward off misfortune.
The main building is called ‘Bangsal Kencono’ or ‘Pendopo Agung’ in the form of an open hall used for performances and various colossal programs. The hall is supported by four carved pillars (saka guru) containing the meaning of the ‘Kalimat Syahadat’ (the Moslem profession of Faith). The room behind the ‘Pendopo Agung’ is called ‘lungkangan’ and is used as an information center. The next room, ‘pringgitan’ is the place to receive guests and to perform the ‘wayang kulit’ or ‘ringgit’ (shadow play with leather puppets).
The exhibition room is at the rear end of the main building (ndalem Proboyekso). Put on display are historical artifacts from the Yogyakarta Palace, among others the marble bed of the late Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono (HB) V, originating for the Kingdom of England; the ‘pasarean tedheng’ a wooden bed decorated with painted glass, the bed where HB IX was born; and the bed of ‘Pangeran Diponegoro’, son of HB III, used to submit offerings to ‘Dewi Sri’ or the Rice Goddess. Also exhibited is apir of huge mirrors (kaca benggala) and two marble tables (pendaringan), and a pair of bride and bridegroom ‘Kyai and Nyai Blonyo’. All the artifacts have been inherited from Sultan Hamengku Buwono (HB) VII. In front of the statue are displayed a set of offerings, some old and up-to-date photographs of Yogyakarta, and a mock-up of the ‘Prambanan Temple’, the ‘Yogyakarta Palace’, the ‘Big Monument’, ‘Masjid Agung’ (the Great Mosque), ‘Panggung Krapyak’ (a traditional stage) and ‘Taman Sari’ (a pleasure water park). On this room are also displayed replicas of ceremonial objects (ampilan) such as ‘banyak’ (goose), ‘dhalang’, ‘sawung’ (cock), ‘ardawalika’, ‘kacumas’ (golden handkerchief), ‘kuthuk’, ‘kandhil’ (lamp) and ‘suput’, all of which are the attributes of grandeur of Sultan with each symbolizing a certain meaning.
The ‘joglo’ main building is flanked by two annex buildings (gandhok). ‘Gandhok Kiwa’, the left gandhok is the place for ‘gamelan’ (a traditional music instrument), and a cafeteria servings specific Yogyakarta dishes: the ‘gudeg’ (young jackfruit cooked in spicy coconut milk) and ‘bakmi Jawa’ (Javanese noodles). ‘Gandhok Tengen’, the right ‘gandhok’ serves as an office and a souvenir kiosk selling handicrafts typical of the region. There is also a library providing mainly cultural books and information of the potentials of the region.
On certain days, especially on Saturday and Sunday, the Yogyakarta Pavilion presents traditional arts, among others ‘wayang kulit’, ‘ketoprak Mataram’ (Javanese Drama), ‘cokekan’ and dances, packed in the Special Package Program as well as performed independently. Moreover on certain occasions, a ‘ruwatan’ (exorcism ritual) is organized, usually in a large scale, participated by the community. The Pavilion also runs a dance studio for children and youngsters, teaching classical and modern dances twice a week.