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Anjungan Sumatera Utara

North Sumatra Pavilion exhibits six kinds of traditional houses, "Rumah Bolon"  Batak Simalungun, "Jabu Bolon" Batak Toba, "Jabu Siwaluh" Batak Karo , "Rumah Batak" Pak-Pak Dairi, Nias traditional house, and the Malay house.

The main gate of the pavilion is a “gapura” with a script “horas mejuha juha” (welcome). Principally the Batak Simalungun traditional house is almost the same as the Batak Toba traditional house, the “rumah bolon”. The house’s characteristic is in the construction of the lower part of the building in the form of logs crosswise from corner to corner. Another characteristic is the roof, the top of which is in the form of a water buffalo’s head complete with the horns. Another section of the house is decorated with multi-coloured paintings; red, white and black.


The decorations of the “rumah bolon” is among others the “sulempat” at the border of the lower part of the wall called “sambahou”, interconnected, symbolizing the uniting ties between the community and the king; the fighting sheep (“hambing marsimbat”) ornament pictures the interrelated life resulting in a unshakeable strength and unity. The decoration of part of the roof has a triangle design, “cecak” (lizard), “ipon-ipon”, and “bindu matogu” resembling climbing plants. This part is usually decorated with a human face, “bahi-bahi”,symbolizing friendliness, vigilance and to ward of misfortune. The “ipon-ipn” ornament, pointed shaped, is to ward of attacks from evil spirits from outside the village.

The traditional Batak Karo house, “siwaluh jabu” has a roof consisting of three levels in the form of a triangle, symbolizes the binding power of three relatives groups (“rukuh” or “singkep sitelu”): the girls’ provider (“kalimbuhu”), the group receiving the girls (“senina”) and families belonging to one “marga” or clan (“anak beru”). In the original region, one house is used for one extended family consisiting of four to eight small families. The space in the house is not divided by a partition but by an invisible but strong “traditional line”. Each room has a name and regulations who will occupy the room according to traditional stipulations.

The traditional “Batak” houses at the pavilion function as a gallery to exhibit various historical aspects, way of life and cultural good such as traditional costumes, wedding dais, traditional weapons and traditional musical instruments and “ulos” (traditional Batak cloth).

The traditional Nias house, coming from south Nias, is a bit smaller than the original one; rectangular in shape and resembling a boat. The design of the house comprises a hope: if there were floods, the house could be used as a boat. The steps of the staircase are uneven in number, five or seven. There are to kinds of doors in the house: the ordinary door and a horizontal door which open upwards. The house has two rooms: the first room servers as a visitor’s room, a place to forum, and bedroom for boys. The second room is the family room (“ferema”) used as a dining room, to receive female guests, kitchen and bedroom. In the yard there is a heap of stones 2,5 meter high to bed used in the exhibition of the traditional sport of “lompat batu” (stone-jumping).

The Malayan traditional house is represented by a (“pesanggrahan”) house with a front foyer serving as a stage where various Batak and Malayan art such as “gordang Sembilan”, “sigale-gale”, Batak songs and various Malayan dances are performed on Sundays and holidays.


Phone : 021 – 3919852 / 3150637   Fax : 021 - 3140818